"To give a human example, brothers: even with a man-made covenant, no one annuls it or adds to it once it has been ratified. Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, "And to offsprings," referring to many, but referring to one, "And to your offspring," who is Christ. This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void. For if the inheritance comes by the law, it no longer comes by promise; but God gave it to Abraham by a promise.
Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was put in place through angels by an intermediary. Now an intermediary implies more than one, but God is one.
Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's offspring, heirs according to promise." -Galatians 3:15-29 (ESV)
Christ fulfilled the Law and all righteousness by His active and passive obedience in His sinless life culminating as a once for all propitiatory sacrifice for our sins on the cross as our divine substitute. Which now, having been justified by faith, His righteousness is imputed to all who have been predestined, foreknown and chosen before the foundation of the world. By grace, through Christ Jesus our Lord, the law is no longer our judge condemning us (Romans 3:19-26; 8:1) and our tutor pointing us to Christ (Galatians 3:24), but is an instrument of conviction that the Spirit of God uses in our sanctification to conform us to the image of Christ HImself. This is the ultimate purpose of the law, that God may be glorified in our sanctification.
Ten Characteristics of God's Love as Revealed in The Ten Commandments:
and with all your soul and with all your strength"
Love Toward God:
1. Love is loyal v.3
I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 3 You shall have no other gods a before Me.
2. Love is faithful v.4-6
4 You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
3. Love is reverent v.7
7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
4. Love is holy v.8-11
8 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or our daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
Love Toward Our Neighbor:
5. Love is respectful v.12
12 Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
6. Love is harmless v. 13
13 You shall not murder.
7. Love is pure v.14
14 You shall not commit adultery.
8. Love is unselfish v.15
15 You shall not steal.
9. Love is truthful v.16
16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10. Love is content v.17
17 You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
Christ, A Shadow and Type in the Old Covenant
1. Burnt offering
*Atonement: Christ giving His life sacrificially because of His total fidelity to God.
2. Grain offering
*Perfection: Christ wholly devoted to the Father's purpose.
3. Peace offering
*Reconciliation: Christ made us peace with God.
4. Sin offering
*Propitiation: Christ died in our place as our divine substitute. Christ died for God to satisfy His holiness, justice and wrath against sin.
5. Trespass offering
*Repentance: Christ completely paid the price for our sin. Blessed redemption and victory through the perfect sinless life of our Lord Jesus.